Constructing the national innovation system in Rwanda: efforts and challenges

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Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives / Atribución-No Comercial-No Derivadas (CC BY-NC-ND)
Artículo de revista
Innovation and Development
Autor (es): 
Yongabo, P.
Göransson, B.

The building of sustainable innovation capabilities in Africa requires an innovation system capable of producing, disseminating and using new knowledge. This paper assesses the process of constructing the National Innovation System (NIS) in Rwanda. It is posited that consensus on and acceptance of the concept of NIS among stakeholders is crucial in the early process of constructing an efficient and dynamic innovation system. Primary empirical data are presented for the case of Rwanda and analyzed in a regional context. The study shows that the NIS concept is generally being integrated and utilized in the process of building sustainable innovation capabilities in Rwanda. In particular, Rwanda exhibits promising progress in the process of establishing and reinforcing infrastructures and institutions as well as policies to promote innovation. However, there are still challenges associated with low research capacity, low level of interactions among stakeholders, limited financial resources as well as lack of coordination framework, all of which contribute to hampering the building up of sustainable innovation capabilities.

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Palabras clave: 
innovation systems
interactive relationship
innovation capability
STI policy